Patient Care Handwash
(1) Reduces the number of resident and transient bacteria and microorganisms from the hands which transmit infection
(2) Prevent transfer of microorganisms from the hospital environment to the patient and from the patient to health care provider
When to wash hands
(1) Before and after patient contact
(2) After contact with dirty or contaminated materials (e.g., used linens, used thermometers)
Steps for Patient Care Handwash (Routine)
(1) Running water (sink and faucets)
(2) Handsoap (usually a germicidal agent in dispensers) IAW local SOP
CAUTION: Wearing rings in a patient care area should be minimized to reduce possible bacteria locations. If rings are worn, they should be plain and washed when hands are washed.
Stand in front of sink
Avoid leaning against sink. Turn on water and adjust temperature.
NOTE: Knee or foot pedals may be available on some sinks. Warm water is preferable to cold because it avoids chapping skin and removes skin oils.
(1) Thoroughly wet hands and forearms under running water
(2) Apply soap
(3) Wash hands, wrists, and lower forearm, using a circular scrubbing motion. Interlace fingers and rub hands back and forth.
(4) Given particular attention to creases and folds in the skin where microorganisms are difficult to dislodge. The duration of the patient care handwash should be a minimum of 10-15 seconds.
NOTE: Depending on reference used, duration will be from 10 seconds to as long as 2 minutes or longer, depending on the potential for contamination with microorganisms.
Rinse hands, wrists, and forearms
(1) Do not touch any part of the contaminated sink or faucets
(2) Rinse thoroughly with hands and wrists lower than elbow so that water runs from fingers to elbow
Dry hands, wrists, and forearms
(1) Dry thoroughly using clean paper towels
(2) Dry arm from the fingertips toward the elbows without retracing to keep the fingers and hands free of recontamination. Repeat the process for the other arm using another towel.
(3) Keep hands pointed upward
(4) Do not go back toward fingertips
(5) Dispose of the towels properly without dropping the hands below waist level
Dispose of drying material IAW local SOP - use trash container
Apply hand lotion (optional)--hand lotion aids in preventing skin from chapping
Steps for Patient Care Handwash (Demo)
Purpose and Indications for Donning Sterile Gloves
(1) Establish a barrier to microorganisms from soldier medic to patient and patient to soldier medic
(2) Required to maintain sterile field during hands on procedures
(1) Invasive procedures–surgery, injections, blood drawing, IVs
(2) When sterility must be maintained
(a) Changing sterile dressings
(b) Irrigating wounds
Procedures for Donning Sterile Gloves
Inspect the glove package for signs of contamination. Discard if you find any of the following:
(1) Water spots or moisture
(3) Any other evidence of damage or contamination
Perform a patient care handwash
Open the sterile package
(1) Place the package on a flat, clean, dry surface in the area where the gloves are to be worn
(2) Peel the outer wrapper open to completely expose the inner package
Position inner package
(1) Remove the inner package touching only the folded side of the wrapper
(2) Position the package so that the cuff end is nearest to you
Unfold the inner package - Open the package to a fully flat position without touching the gloves
Expose both gloves
(1) Grasp the lower inside corners or designated areas on the folder
(2) Pull gently to the side without touching the gloves
Put on the first glove
(1) Grasp the cuff at the folded edge and remove it from the wrapper with one hand
(2) Step away from the table or tray
(3) Keeping the hands above the waist, insert the fingers of the other hand into the glove
(4) Pull the glove on touching only the exposed inner surface of the glove
NOTE: If there is difficulty in getting the fingers fully fitted into the glove fingers, make the adjustments after both gloves are on.
Put on the second glove
(1) Insert the fingertips of the gloved hand under the edge of the folded over cuff
NOTE: The gloved thumb may be kept up and away from the cuff area or may be inserted under the edge of the folded over cuff with the fingertips.
(2) Keeping the hands above the waist, insert the fingers of the ungloved hand into the glove
(3) Pull the glove on
(4) Do Not contaminate either glove
NOTE: Anything below the waist is considered contaminated.
Adjust the gloves to fit properly
(1) Grasp and pick up the glove surfaces on the individual fingers to adjust them
(2) Pick up the palm surfaces and work the fingers and hands into the gloves
(3) Interlock the gloved fingers and work the gloved hands until the gloves are firmly on the fingers
CAUTON: Avoid dropping your hands below waist level once your gloves are on.
Putting on gloves with a sterile gown (Closed gloving)
(1) Hands are covered with gown sleeves as another nurse or soldier medic opens the inner sterile gloves package
(2) With dominant hand inside gown cugg, pick up glove from dominant hand by grasping folded cuff
(3) Extend dominant forearm palm up and place palm of glove against palm of dominant hand. Glove fingers will point toward elbow.
(4) Grasp back of glove cuff with nondominant hand and turn glove cuff over end of dominant hand and gown cuff
(5) Grasp top of glove and underlying gown sleeve with covered nondominant hand
(6) Carefully extend fingers into glove, being sure glove's cuff covers gown's cuff
(7) Glove nondominant hand in same manner. Use gloved right hand to pull on the glove. Keep hand inside sleeve.
Removal of Gloves
Grasp one glove at the heel of the hand with the other gloved hand
Peel off glove, retaining it in the palm of the gloved hand
Reach under the cuff of the remaining glove with one or two fingers of the ungloved hand
Peel off the glove over the glove being held in the palm
Do not contaminate self
Discard the gloves according to local SOP
Perform a patient care hand wash
Procedures for Donning Sterile Gloves and Removing Gloves (Demo)
(1) Select and obtain proper size package of sterile gloves
(2) Inspect the glove package for signs of contamination
(3) Perform a patient care handwash
(4) Open the sterile package
(5) Position inner package
(6) Unfold the inner package
(7) Expose both gloves
(8) Put on the first glove
(9) Put on the second glove
(10) Adjust the gloves to fit properly
Removal of Gloves
(1) Grasp one glove at the heel of the hand with the other gloved hand
(2) Peel off glove, retaining it in the palm of the gloved hand
(3) Reach under the cuff of the remaining glove with one or two fingers of the ungloved hand
(4) Peel off the glove over the glove being held in the palm
(5) Do not contaminate self
(6) Discard the gloves according to local SOP
(7) Perform a patient care hand wash