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MEDICATION CARDS

Morphine Sulfate
Acetaminophen/Tylenol
ASA / Acetylsalicylic Acid/Aspirin
Atropine Sulfate/Atropine
2 – PAM Chloride/Pralidoxime Chloride
Diazepam/Valium
Albuterol/Proventil
Diphenhydramine Hydrochloride/Benadryl
Naloxone HCL/Narcan
Nitroglycerin/Nitrostat
Dextrose 50% / D50W
Ceftriaxone Sodium/Rocephin
Cefazolin Sodium/ANCEF
Dextromethophan Hydrobromine/Dextromethophan
Cyanide Treatment/Amyl Nitrite
Cyanide Treatment/Sodium Nitrite
Cyanide Treatment/Sodium Thiosulfate
Eugenol

Simethicone/Mylanta Gas
Kaolin Mixture with Pectin/Kaopectate
Epinephrine(Adrenalin)/Sympathetic Agent
Glucagon/Hormone, Antihypoglycemis
Lidocaine (Xylocaine)/Antiarrhythmic
Sodium Bicarbonate (NaHCO3)/Alkalizing agent
Syrup of Ipecac/Emetic
Thiamine/Vitamin
Bacitracin


MORPHINE SULFATE

 

DESCRIPTION

 

A natural opium alkaloid, narcotic, analgesic, sedation.

 

INDICATIONS

 

Severe acute or chronic pain, relieve dyspnea of acute left ventricular failure, pulmonary edema, and pain of a MI.

 

CONTRA-INDICATIONS

 

Hypersensitivity to opiates, increased intracranial pressure, convulsive disorders, bronchial asthma, and respiratory depression, diarrhea caused by poisoning until the toxic material has been eliminated.

 

PRECAUTIONS

 

Oral solution: Dilute in approximately 30ml or more of fluid or semisolid food. Extended release tab should not be broken in half, crushed, or chewed. IV administration: Give direct. Dilute in 5ml sterile water for injection. Store at 15-30C (59-86F) Avoid freezing. Protect all formula from light.

 

DOSAGE / ROUTE

 

Adult: PO 10-30mg q4h or extended release tab 15-30mg q8h

IV: 2.5-15mg q4h.

SC / IM: 5-20mg q4h. PR 10-20mg q4h.


ACETOMINOPHEN / TYLENOL

 

DESCRIPTION

 

Produces analgesia reduces fever by direct action on the hypothalamus heat regulating center, which causes peripheral vasodilatation, sweating, and dissipation of heat.

 

INDICATIONS

 

Analgesic and Antipyretic substitute for aspirin if aspirin is not tolerated.

 

CONTRA-INDICATIONS

 

Drug is hepatoxic (overdose treatment is PO mucomyst), hypersensitivity to acetaminophen.

 

PRECAUTIONS

 

Anemic patients, alcoholism, malnutrition, thrombocytopenia.

 

DOSAGE / ROUTE

 

Adult: 1-2 tabs (325mg – 650mg) PO q4h – 6h, Max is 4 grams daily.


ASA / ACETYLSALICYLIC ACID / ASPIRIN

 

DESCRIPTION

 

Stops the formation of prostaglandins involved in the production of inflammation, pain, and fever responses.

 

INDICATIONS

 

Antipyretic, Anti – Inflammatory, and Analgesic.

 

CONTRA-INDICATIONS

 

Hypersensitivity to ASA, increased bleeding time, toxicity manifests with tinnitus and hearing loss. Do not use teens and children due to the possibility link to Reye’s Syndrome. (Prolonged bleeding,) GI ulcers, bleeding or other problems, petechiae, easy bruising, hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, dizziness, confusion, drowsiness. Urticaria, anaphylactic shock. Chronic rhinitis, Vitamin K deficiencies.

 

PRECAUTIONS

 

Otic diseases, Children with fever and dehydration, Cardiac disease, hepatic impairment.

 

DOSAGE / ROUTE

 

Adult: 1 – 2 tabs (325mg – 650mg) PO q4h. Max 4 grams daily.


ATROPINE SULFATE / ATROPINE

 

DESCRIPTION

 

Blocks vagal impulses to the heart which decreases AV conduction, increases heart rate, increases cardiac output, antisecretory action suppresses sweating, lacrimination, salivation, and secretions from the nose, mouth, pharynx, and bronchi. Produces mydriasis (dilation of pupils) and cycloplegia (paralysis of accommodation) by blocking the iris sphincter muscle and ciliary muscle.

 

INDICATIONS

 

Treatment of nerve agent exposure, Cardiac arrhythmia’s (Heart Blocks, Bradycardia, Arrest) Preoperatively to decrease oral and gastric secretions, ophthalmic to dilate eyes, oral inhalation for short treatment and prevention of bronchospasms associated with asthma, bronchitis, COPD and as a drying agent for upper respiratory infections.

 

CONTRA-INDICATIONS

 

Acute hemorrhage, hypersensitivity to belladonna alkaloids, bladder neck obstruction, diseases of the GI track, severe ulcerative colitis, tachycardia secondary to cardiac insufficiency.

 

PRECAUTIONS

 

Myocardial infarction, hypertension, hypotension, coronary artery disease, CHF, tachyarrhythmias, gastric ulcers, GI infections, hyperthyroidism, chronic lung disease, hepatic or renal disease. May cause heat injuries in hot, dry climates.

 

DOSAGE / ROUTE

 

Nerve Agent: Autoinjectors of 2mg for IM use.    Pre – OP: 0.4mg - 0.6mg IM. 

Cardiac: 0.5 – 1mg IV push (max 2mg).  Ophthalmic: 1gtt of 1-% solution. 


2 – PAM CHLORIDE / PRALIDOXIME CHLORIDE

 

DESCRIPTION

 

Is an oxime. Oximes attach to the nerve agent that is stopping the cholinesterase secretions and break the agent-enzyme bond to restore the normal activity of the enzyme. Abnormal activity in skeletal muscle decreases and normal strength returns.

 

INDICATIONS

 

Nerve Agent Poisoning

 

CONTRA-INDICATIONS

 

None noted

 

PRECAUTIONS

 

Could cause heat injury if used in a dry, hot environment.

 

DOSAGE / ROUTE

 

Adult: give with the Atropine auto injector (Mark I Kit), up to 3 sets depending on exposure to the nerve agent exposure, then give 10mg Valium IM, If given 3 sets of the Mark I Kits.


DIAZEPAM / VALIUM

 

DESCRIPTION

 

Frequently used medication for anxiety and stress. In emergency care, it is used to treat alcoholic withdrawal and grand mal seizures. It acts upon the limbic, thalamic and hypothalamic regions of the CNS induce calming effects.  Sedative, Anticonvulsant.

 

INDICATIONS

 

Use widely as an anticonvulsant, it is actually weak anticonvulsant and has short duration time.

Nerve Agent Poisoning, Acute anxiety attacks, Alcohol withdrawal, muscle relaxant, seizure activity, and premeditation for countershock or TCP.

 

CONTRA-INDICATIONS

 

Hypersensitivity to the drug, substance abuses, coma, shock, and CNS depression as a result of a head injury.

 

PRECAUTIONS

 

Rapid IV administration may be followed by respiratory depression. Vein irritation, short duration for anticonvulsant effect, reduce dose by 50% in elderly patients, resuscitation equipment should be ready.

 

DOSAGE / ROUTE

 

Seizure Activity: Adult – 5mg over 2 min ( up to 10mg for most adults) IV q 10 – 15 min as needed (max dose 30mg daily)

Anxiety, Muscle Spasm, Convulsions, Alcohol Withdrawals: Adult – PO 2- 10mg b.i.d to q.i.d or 15 – 30mg / d sustained released.

IV / IM: 2 – 10mg; repeat if necessary in 3 – 4 hours.


ALBUTEROL / PROVENTIL

 

DESCRIPTION

 

Dilates the smooth muscles of the bronchi, uterus, and vascular supply to the skeletal muscles. Produces bronchodilation regardless of administration route, by relaxing smooth muscles of the bronchial tree. This decreases airway resistance facilitates mucus drainage, and increases vital capacity.

 

INDICATIONS

 

To relieve bronchospasms associated with acute or chronic asthma, bronchitis, or other reversible obstructive airway disease.

 

CONTRA-INDICATIONS

 

Nursing mothers, and children under 2 years old.

 

PRECAUTIONS

 

Cardiovascular disease, hypertension, hyperthyroidism, diabetes mellitus, hypersensitivity to sympathomimetic amines or to fluorocarbon propellant used in inhalation aerosols.

 

DOSAGE / ROUTE

 

Adults:  PO 2mg – 4mg, 3 – 4 times per day. 4mg – 8mg sustain released 2 times per day.

Inhaled: 1 – 2 inhalations q4 – 6 hours.


DIPHENHYDRAMINE HYDROCHLORIDE / BENADRYL

 

DESCRIPTION

 

Produces temporary relief of various allergic reactions by blocking histamine secretions.

 

INDICATIONS

 

Allergic reactions (uticaria) motion sickness, vertigo, reactions to blood or plasma, and anaphylaxis as an adjunct to epinephrine and other standard measures after acute symptoms have been controlled.

 

CONTRA-INDICATIONS

 

Hypersensitivity to antihistamines, lower respiratory track symptoms (including acute asthma),

Narrow-angled glaucoma GI obstruction, and bladder neck obstructions

 

PRECAUTIONS

 

History of asthma, convulsive disorders, increased IOP, hyperthyroidism, cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus.

 

DOSAGE / ROUTE

 

Adult: allergic symptoms – PO 25mg – 50mg t.i.d or q.i.d (max 300mg daily)

IV / IM: 10mg – 50mg q4 – 6h (max 400mg daily).

Nonproductive Cough: Adult – 25mg q4 – 6h. (max 100mg daily)


NALOXONE HCL / NARCAN

 

DESCRIPTION

 

Naloxone is a competitive narcotic antagonist that is used in the management and reversal of overdoses caused by narcotics and synthetic narcotics. Compared with other narcotic antagonists, who do not stop the analgesic properties of opiates, Naloxone antagonizes all actions of morphine. Stops analgesic properties of opiates.

 

INDICATIONS

 

For the complete or partial reversal of CNS and respiratory depression induced by opioids.

Decreased level of consciousness, and coma of unknown origin.

Narcotic Agonist: Morphine Sulfate, Heroin, Hydomorphone (Dilaudid), Methadone, Meperidine (Demerol), Paegoric, Fentanyl Citrate (Sublimaze), Oxycodone (Percodan), Codeine, and Propoxyphene (Darvon).

Narcotic Agonist / Antagonist: Butorphanol Tartrate (Stadol), Pentazocine (Talwin), and Nalbuphine (Nubain).

 

CONTRA-INDICATIONS

 

Hypersensitivity to narcan.  Respiratory depression not due to opiates.

 

PRECAUTIONS

 

Narcotic – dependant patients who may precipitate withdrawal symptoms with hypertension, tachycardia, and violent behavior. (Including neonates of narcotic – dependant mothers).

 

DOSAGE / ROUTE

 

Adult: Begin with 2mg IV, IM, SQ, (or ET diluted); may be repeated q 5 min intervals to a max of 10mg.

Infusion: Mix 8mg in 1,000 ml of D5W; infuse at 0.8 mg / hr (100 ml / hr) titrated to desired effect.


NITROGLYCERIN / NITROSTAT

DESCRIPTION

It was originally believed that nitrates dilate the coronary blood vessels, thereby increasing blood flow to the heart. It is now believed that atherosclerosis limits coronary dilation and that the benefits of nitrates are due to the dilation of arterioles and veins in the periphery. The result is a reduction in the preload, and a lesser extent in the afterload decreases the workload of the heart and lowers myocardial oxygen demand. Nitroglycerin is a lipid soluble and is thought to enter the body from the GI track through the lymphatics, rather than portal blood.

INDICATIONS

Angina pectoris, ischemic chest pain, hypertension, and CHF associated with acute MI.

CONTRA-INDICATIONS

Hypersensitivity, hypotension, head injury, cerebral hemorrhage, uncorrective hypovolemia, constrictive pericarditis, and pericardial tamponade.

PRECAUTIONS

Increased susceptibility to hypotension in the elderly, pregnancy safety, Nitroglycerin decomposes in light and heat. Must be kept in airtight containers. PO medication Sublingual will produce a sting sensation. If given IV use an infusion pump for precise flow rate.

When applied use BSI, may cause syncope to the person applying the medication.

DOSAGE / ROUTE

Adult: 0.3 – 0.4 tab Sublingual; may be repeated q 5 min two times.

Metered Spray: Spray onto oral mucous using a lingual aerosol canister that 0.4mg / min; may be repeated q 5 min two times.

Infusion: 200 – 400 mcg / ml at a rate of 10 – 20 mcg / min; increase by 5 – 10 mcg / min q 5 – 10 min until desired effect is achieved.


DEXTROSE 50% / D50W

 

DESCRIPTION

 

The term “dextrose” is use to describe the six carbon sugar d – glucose, the principle form of carbohydrate utilized by the body.  D50 is used in emergency care to treat hypoglycemia, and in the management of coma of unknown etiology. Carbohydrate, Hypertonic Solution.

 

INDICATIONS

 

Hypoglycemia altered level of consciousness, coma of unknown etiology, and refractory cardiac arrest.

 

CONTRA-INDICATIONS

 

Intracranial pressure, Intracranial hemorrhages, knows or suspected CVA in the absence of hypoglycemia.

 

PRECAUTIONS

 

Draw blood sample prior to administration if possible. Perform Dextrosity prior to administration if possible. Extravagation may cause tissue necrosis; use large vein and aspirate occasionally to ensure route patency. D50 may sometimes precipitate severe neurologic symptoms in thiamin deficient patients, for example, alcoholics.

 

DOSAGE / ROUTE

 

Adult: 12.5 – 25 grams slowly IV; May be repeated once.


CEFAZOLIN SODIUM / ANCEF

 

DESCRIPTION

 

Cephalosporin C antibiotic that acts against gram-negative organisms.

 

INDICATIONS

 

Severe infections of the urinary and biliary tracts, skin, soft tissue, and bone. Open heart surgery. Endocarditis.

 

CONTRA-INDICATIONS

 

Hypersensitivity to any Cephalosporin and related antibiotics.

 

PRECAUTIONS

 

History of penicillin sensitivity, impaired renal function, and patients on sodium restriction.

 

DOSAGE / ROUTE

 

Moderate to severe infections: Adult – IV / IM – 250mg to 2 grams q 8 hours, up to 2 grams q 4 hours (max 12 grams daily).

Surgical prophylaxis: Adult – IV / IM – 1 gram to 2 grams 30 – 60 min before surgery, then q 8 hours for 24 hours.


CEFTRIAXONE SODIUM / ROCEPHIN

 

DESCRIPTION

 

Broad-spectrum antibiotic, Cephalosporin (3rd generation). Stops the bacterial cell wall synthesis, which renders cell wall osmotically unstable leading to cell death.

 

INDICATIONS

 

Gram-negative organisms, Gram-positive organisms, lower, serious respiratory track infections, urinary track infections, skin, bone, and joint infections, Gonococci infections, intraabdominal infections, septicemia, and meningitis (bacterial).

 

CONTRA-INDICATIONS

 

Hypersensitivity to cephalosporins. Infants under 1 year.

 

PRECAUTIONS

 

Nursing mothers

 

DOSAGE / ROUTE

 

Adult: IV – IM 1 gram to 2 grams every day or in two equal doses.

Uncomplicated gonorrhea: 260mg IM as a single dose.

Meningitis: Adult: IM / IV – 100mg / kg / day in equal doses every 12 hours.


DEXTROMETHOPHAN HYDROBROMIDE / DEXTROMETHOPHAN

 

DESCRIPTION

 

Nonnarcotic antitussive activity comparable to that of codeine but less likely to cause codeine symptoms; i.e.: constipation, drowsiness, or GI disturbances.

 

INDICATIONS

 

Temporary relief of cough spasms in nonproductive coughs due to colds, pertussis, and influenza.

 

CONTRA-INDICATIONS

 

Asthma, productive cough, persistent or chronic cough, hepatic function impairment.

 

PRECAUTIONS

 

Chronic pulmonary disease, patients on MAO inhibitors, and enlarged prostrate.

 

DOSAGE / ROUTE

 

Adult: PO – 10mg to 20mg q 4 hours or 30mg q 6 – 8 hours. (max 120mg daily) or, 60mg of the sustained-action liquid b.i.d.

 

BACITRACIN

 

DESCRIPTION

 

Antiinfective, antibiotic

 

INDICATIONS

 

Topical for the treatment of superficial infections of the skin or eye.

 

CONTRA-INDICATIONS

 

Toxic reaction or renal dysfunction associated with bacitrin impaired renal function.

 

PRECAUTIONS

 

Myasthenia gravis, other neurological diseases. Hypersensitivity to neomycin.

 

DOSAGE / ROUTE

 

Adult: apply thin layer to affected area b.i.d or t.i.d.

Ophthalmic ointment; apply in the conjunctiva sac 1 or more times per day.


CYANIDE TREATMENT / AMYL NITRITE

 

DESCRIPTION

 

Action in the treatment of cyanide poisoning based upon the ability of amyl nitrite to convert hemoglobin to methemoglobin, which forms a nontoxic complex with the cyanide ion.

 

INDICATIONS

 

Antidote for Cyanide poisonings

 

CONTRA-INDICATIONS

 

Hypersensitivity to nitrites or nitrates. Cerebral hemorrhage, head trauma, severe anemia, hyperthyroidism, recent MI, and acute alcoholism.

 

PRECAUTIONS

 

ust be given until Sodium Nitrite and Sodium Thiosulfate can be administered.

 

DOSAGE / ROUTE

 

Adult: Inhalation – 0.3ml perle crushed every minute and inhaled for 15 – 30 seconds until sodium nitrite is ready.


CYANIDE TREATMENT / SODIUM NITRITE

 

DESCRIPTION

 

Action with Cyanide poisonings is to convert hemoglobin to methemoglobin, which forms a nontoxic complex with the Cyanide ion.

 

INDICATIONS

 

Antidote for Cyanide poisonings.

 

CONTRA-INDICATIONS

 

Hypersensitivity to nitrites or nitrates.

 

PRECAUTIONS

 

Need to give the Amyl Nitrite Inhaler until Sodium Nitrite and Sodium Thiosulfate can be administered.

 

DOSAGE / ROUTE

 

dult: 10ml IV @ 3% solution (30mg / ml) = 300mg. Administer over 3-minute period. Give half the dose if the signs and symptoms reoccur.


CYANIDE TREATMENT / SODIUM THIOSULFATE

 

DESCRIPTION

 

Action with Cyanide poisonings is to convert hemoglobin to methemoglobin, which forms a nontoxic complex with the Cyanide ion.

 

INDICATIONS

 

Antidote for Cyanide poisonings.

 

CONTRA-INDICATIONS

 

Hypersensitivity to nitrites or nitrates.

 

PRECAUTIONS

 

Need to give the Amyl Nitrite Inhaler until Sodium Nitrite and Sodium Thiosulfate can be administered.

 

DOSAGE / ROUTE

 

Adult: 50 ml IV of a 25% solution (250mg / ml) = 12.5 grams. Administer over a 10-minute period beginning immediately after the nitrite administration.


EUGENOL

 

DESCRIPTION

 

Liquid substance. Temporary filling for teeth. Local analgesia.

 

INDICATIONS

 

Temporary dental filling.

 

CONTRA-INDICATIONS

 

Liver disease, skin disorders, and any eye diseases.

 

PRECAUTIONS

 

Store in cool dry areas in closed containers. Darkens and thickens upon exposure.

 

DOSAGE / ROUTE

 

Adult: place a small layer on affected tooth, or teeth as needed.


KAOLIN MIXTURE WITH PECTIN / KAOPECTATE

 

DESCRIPTION

 

White powdered substance. The container must be shaken to mix the ingredients.

 

INDICATIONS

 

Antidiarrhea

 

CONTRA-INDICATIONS

 

Patient is constipated, or dehydrated.

 

PRECAUTIONS

 

Ensure the patient drinks a lot of water when on this medication.

 

DOSAGE / ROUTE

 

Adult: 4 – 8 tablespoons (60ml – 120ml) after each loose bowel movement.


SIMETHICONE / MYLANTA GAS

 

DESCRIPTION

 

Either liquid form or tab form. Decreases gas production, coalesce gas bubbles, and facilitate the passage of gas through belching and expelling flatus. Antacids increase the gastric pH, thereby neutralizing gastric acidity. Composed of inorganic salts of aluminum, magnesium, calcium, or sodium.

 

INDICATIONS

 

Antiflatulent / Antacids

 

CONTRA-INDICATIONS

 

Massive GI Bleeds.

 

PRECAUTIONS

 

Renal insufficiency

 

DOSAGE / ROUTE

 

Adult: 5ml – 15ml PO q.i.d., or 40mg – 125mg tab q.i.d. with meals.


EPINEPHRINE (Adrenalin)/Sympathetic Agent

 

DESCRIPTION

 

A potent stimulant that increases heart rate, cardiac contractile force, myocardial electrical activity, systemic vascular resistance, blood pressure, and automaticity.

 

INDICATIONS

 

Cardiac arrest, severe anaphylaxis, and bronchial ashtma

 

CONTRA-INDICATIONS

 

None in the patient who needs aggressive resuscitation

 

PRECAUTIONS

 

It should be protected from light and should not be infused with alkaline solutions, such as sodium bicarbonate, since they will deactivate epinephrine.  Epinephrine actions are of short duration

 

DOSAGE / ROUTE

 

1:10,000--0.5 to 1.0 mg IV repeated every  3-5 minutes as needed followed by a 20 mL flush. (ET--2.0 to 2.5 mg) 1:1,000--0.3 to 0.5 mg SQ


GLUCAGON/Hormone, Antihypoglycemis

 

DESCRIPTION

 

A protein secreted  by pancreatic cells used to increase the blood glucose level when an IV cannot be immediately placed.

 

INDICATIONS

 

Hypoglycemia

 

CONTRA-INDICATIONS

 

Patients with a know hypersensitivity to the drug

 

PRECAUTIONS

 

Effective only if sufficient stores of glycogen in the liver.  Administer with caution to patients with history of cardiovascular or renal disease.

 

DOSAGE / ROUTE

 

Initial does: 0.25 to 0.5 IV.  If IV cannot be established, administer 1 mg of glucagon IM.


LIDOCAINE (Xylocaine)/Antiarrhythmic

 

DESCRIPTION

 

Lidocaine is an agent that increases the fibrillation threshold thereby reducing the development of ectopy and ventricular fibrillation

 

INDICATIONS

 

More than 6 unifocal PVCs per minute, multifocal PVCs, couplets, rums of PVCs ventricular tachycardia, and in ventricular fibrillation

 

CONTRA-INDICATIONS

 

Second-degree Mobitrz II and third-degree heart block and bradycardias

 

PRECAUTIONS

 

Side effects include lowering LOC, confusion, irritability, muscle spasm, seizures, coma, and possibly death.

 

DOSAGE / ROUTE

 

1 to 1.5 mg/kg then 0.5 mg/kg, then 0.5 to 0.75 mg/kg every 3 to 10 min to effect or 3 mg/kg. 2 g/500 mL D5W (4 mg/mL)--2 to 4 mg/min, titrated to effect


SODIUM BICARBONATE (NaHCO3)/Alkalizing agent

 

DESCRIPTION

 

It provides bicarbonate to assist the buffer system in reducing the effects of metabolic acidosis

 

INDICATIONS

 

Severe metabolic acidosis, prolonged cardiac arrest (after ventilation and other problems have been taken care of), and for tricyclic antidepressant and phenobarbital overdose.

 

CONTRA-INDICATIONS

 

None when used in severe hypoxia or late cardiac arrest

 

PRECAUTIONS

 

May cause alkalosis if given too aggressively.  It may also deactivate vasopressors and may precipitate with calcium chloride

 

DOSAGE / ROUTE

 

1 mEq/kg initially and 0.5 mEq/kg every 10 minutes.  It is administered IV only


SYRUP OF IPECAC/Emetic

 

DESCRIPTION

 

It acts on the emetic centers of the brain and on the stomach to induct vomiting.  Emesis usually occurs within 5 to 10 minutes

 

INDICATIONS

 

Poisoning and overdose

 

CONTRA-INDICATIONS

 

Reduced level of consciousness, corrosive ingestion, petroleum distillate ingestion, alkali ingestion, or antiemetic ingestion (especially phenothiazine)

 

PRECAUTIONS

 

Monitor the airway and have suction ready. Administer activated charcoal only after emesis.  Caution with heart disease patients

 

DOSAGE / ROUTE

 

15 to 30 mL orally, followed by 2 to 3 glasses of warm water or carbonated beverage.


THIAMINE/Vitamin

 

DESCRIPTION

 

Thiamine is vitamin B1, which is required to convert glucose into energy.  It is not manufactured by the body and must be constantly provided from ingested food.

 

INDICATIONS

 

Coma of unknown origin, chronic alcoholism with associated coma, and delirium tremens

 

CONTRA-INDICATIONS

 

None

 

PRECAUTIONS

 

Known hypersensitivity to the drug

 

DOSAGE / ROUTE

 

100 mg either IV (preferred) or IM